The Different Types of Operating Systems

windows system

Windows is an operating system that supports multitasking. It also includes a search feature. It has several advantages over Linux, which is less reliable.

Microsoft developed a number of Windows families to meet the needs of different sectors of the computer industry. These include Windows for personal computers, Windows NT for servers, and Windows Mobile for phones and tablets.

It is a graphical operating system

A graphical operating system is an interface that uses icons, menus and a mouse to manage interaction with the computer. Developed by Xerox and popularized by Apple’s Macintosh, GUI systems allow users to navigate a computer without knowing specific commands.

Microsoft’s Windows OS is one of the most commonly used graphical operating systems on personal computers and tablets. It was first introduced in 1985 and became more popular with the release of Windows 2.0 in 1987. Windows 2.0 included an improved user interface and allowed more advanced keyboard shortcuts to be used.

Windows 8 is the latest version of the Windows operating system and was released in October 2012. The new system features a redesign of the Start screen, with optimized interactions for touch-based devices like tablets. It also includes a new File Explorer that allows users to view and manage files stored on their hard drive, SSD and inserted removable disks. It also supports multiple windows and can multitask with legacy applications.

It is a multitasking operating system

Windows is a graphical operating system that allows multiple programs to run at the same time. It lets users view and store files, play games and watch videos, as well as connect to the internet. It also controls what access different users have to the computer and handles error messages. It is considered to be one of the best multitasking systems for PCs. It uses both preemptive and cooperative multitasking techniques to optimize system resources. Preemptive multitasking interrupts a program to give the CPU to another while cooperative multitasking allows the process to voluntarily yield control.

Older examples of multitasking used time-sharing, in which the system shifted the CPU back and forth between two programs for periods too short to be noticeable to human operators. This approach slowed the performance of the computer and caused a short lag between tasks, but it still offered more efficiency than older single-tasking operating systems. The current version of Windows is 8.1, which was released on October 26, 2012. It has a new user interface and support for touch-screen devices.

It is a security operating system

It is an operating system designed to protect a computer’s software, data and hardware from viruses, worms, malware and remote hacker intrusions. It also encompasses preventive-control techniques that safeguard any computer assets that can be stolen, edited or deleted if the OS security is compromised.

Windows 11 includes Microsoft Azure Attestation out-of-the-box, which uses a hardware tamper-proof chip to verify the integrity of the firmware and OS. It also supports Windows Defender Antivirus, UEFI Secure Boot, Control Flow Guard, Windows SmartScreen and BitLocker disk encryption.

The latest version of Microsoft Windows is designed to be the most secure yet. It uses a new security processor called Pluton, which integrates into the BIOS to provide software and hardware-based zero trust protection. It can also isolate “secrets” using virtualization-based security and restrict access to privileged system software. It also uses hardware-enforced stack protection to identify and stop exploits that hijack an application’s call stack. It is also compatible with a wide variety of processors, including Intel and AMD.

It is a mobile operating system

Windows mobile is a graphical operating system designed for smartphones and tablet computers. It is developed by Microsoft Corporation and was the dominant mobile OS until it was overtaken by Android in 2010. It includes a base-kernel, OS libraries, application engines, and hardware interface layer. It also has a platform-specific API layer and a mobile web browser.

Its core software is based on the NT file system, which uses permissions that are allocated statically rather than dynamically. The NT file system also has the capability to restrict memory access by individual processes.

Besides being a PC operating system, Windows is also used in portable devices such as mobile phones and digital cameras. The system can be installed on a variety of hardware, including Intel and AMD processors. Software programs that run on the OS have a.EXE file extension and are often called apps or applications. Some of them are available in 32- and 64-bit versions.