The Basics of the Windows Operating System

Microsoft Windows is a graphical operating system that provides users with an easy way to interact with their computers. It features a file management system that makes it easy to access and organize files. The system also includes built-in security that protects the computer from viruses and malware.

The first version of Windows was introduced in 1985. Since then, it has gone through several updates and upgrades.

File Explorer

At its most basic, File Explorer is a way to navigate your computer’s files and folders. It also provides various context-aware actions to manipulate items including renaming, moving, copying, publishing, emailing, printing and deleting.

In addition to these general features, File Explorer can be used to work with a variety of compressed file formats such as ZIP. Moreover, it has the capability to display files in a range of formats from thumbnail image arrays to icons, lists and details.

In Windows 10, Microsoft has added a host of features to File Explorer. For example, it now supports multiple-selection of files and folders for easy and efficient movement and copying. Additionally, it supports viewing of textual metadata such as Author and Title in supported files. The new Share tab contains options for sharing a selected item including e-mailing and messaging, as well as compressing an entire folder to take up less space. This is a significant improvement over the previous version.


The Taskbar provides users with quick access to programs and documents without having to go through a menu or multiple folders. It also displays currently running programs and allows users to easily switch between applications. It is available in various versions of Windows and features a variety of options.

For example, it can display a progress bar for a continuous task or a status indicator for a program that constantly scans files. The buttons can also be sized differently and the divider line can be moved to different locations on the screen. Users can also add or delete icons from the Quick Launch bar and reorder them to create groups of commonly used programs.

If the taskbar fails to retract, check whether any apps are requesting attention through notifications or alerts. This might be the reason for its failure to hide. If this isn’t the case, try rebooting the computer and checking whether the automatic hiding feature is enabled.

Task Manager

The Windows Task Manager is a great tool for managing the programs and apps that run on your computer. It can close unresponsive apps, end processes that have hung and even show you where an app lives on your system to help troubleshoot memory or disk problems.

The Processes tab shows all live running programs, organized into three categories: Apps, Background and Windows processes. Each process row also includes information such as its type, publisher, PID, status and more. Right-clicking a process reveals options such as End task to kill an unresponsive program, Open file location to see where it lives on your system and Search online for more info about unfamiliar processes.

The Performance tab shows graphs of your CPU, RAM and disk usage. Click a graph to get details on each component. You can also enable a detailed Resource Monitor from the View menu to get more detail on each individual component’s usage.

Search Box

Search boxes are useful UI elements that enable users to search for answers to queries, words or items within a document, program or database. Manually scanning through the available options or sections of a website, system application or large database could take a long time and may even result in users not finding what they are looking for.

When designing a search box, it is important to make sure that it is clearly identifiable and easy to use. A good design usually consists of an input field, a search icon and a submit button that is clearly labeled as such. The size of the input field should be appropriate to allow users to type a full query without having to scroll.

The Search feature in Windows 10 and newer makes it easier to find your apps, files, settings, help, and more. Just start typing, and suggestions will appear as you type to help you get to what you need faster.